Наука - За Тунгусским метеоритом. Л. А. Кулик, фотохроника экспедиции.


Leonid Alekseevich Kulik (8/19/1883 - 4/14/1942). Кулик the first person in Russia which entirely devotes itself to the organisation in our country метеоритики as a new independent complex science that was new business and on the scale of all world science. In 1911, Kulik, working as the assistant to the forest warden in Ural Mountains, has been attached for a while to expedition of Academy of sciences over which V.I.Vernadsky supervised. Since 1912 it becomes the regular employee of the academic museum of Mineralogy in Petersburg.

In 1927 from March till September heads the second expedition to Siberia to a place of falling of the Tungus meteorite. On a place he finds out radial повал woods and explosion epicentre (as have specified further, the inrush total area has made 2150 км2). Kordinates 60°54′07″ с. ш. 101°54′16″ в. д. / 60.901944° с. ш. 101.904444° в. д.

In 1928 from April till November it will organise again expedition to the place of falling of the Tungus meteorite. On materials экспидиции the film "In a taiga behind a meteorite" has been mounted. Since the spring 1929 till autumn of 1930 there has passed L.A.Kulika's the largest and long expedition to the Tungus meteorite. A main objective was drainage of the Suslovsky funnel, and as carrying out of geodetic shooting of a place of accident.

In 1938 Kulik heads the next departure in accident area. Since June till the end of July, with assistance of the academician O.J.Shmidta and polar explorer I.D.Papanina, air photography of a central region of the tumbled down wood with a total area to 250 km is made., with scale 1:4700. As a result of the further processing, four centres of distribution of blast waves located to the south, the southwest and to the West from epicentre are revealed.

From July till October, 1939 it spends last expedition to a place of falling of the Tungus meteorite. Vain attempts to find an iron meteorite, or its traces around accident, and have not led the scientist to success. Neither splinters of a meteoric body, nor blow traces to find and it was not possible till now.

Postage stamp. L.A.Kulik 1958.

L.A.Kulika's name names one of craters on an underside of the Moon and a minor planet of Solar system.

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